Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT), also called Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, is as the name suggests, future-focused, goal-directed, and focuses on solutions, rather than on the problems bringing patients to seek therapy.
SFT is one of a family of approaches, known as systems therapies, that have been developed over the past 50 years or so, first in the USA, and eventually evolving around the world, including Europe. This approach does not focus on the past, but instead, focuses on the present and future.
how does it work?
The therapist uses respectful curiosity to invite the patient to envision their preferred future and then therapist and patient start attending to any moves towards it, whether these are small increments or large changes.
To support this, questions are asked about the patient's story, strengths and resources, and about exceptions to the problem. Solution Focused Therapy is founded in the knowledge that change is constant. The therapist helps the patient to identify times in their current life that are closer to this future, and examines what is different on these occasions. By bringing these small successes to their awareness, and helping them to repeat these successful things they do when the problem is not there or less severe, the therapists helps the patient move towards the preferred future they have identified.