CBT

Andy Garland Therapies - Counselling Cardiff - Mental Health Services Cardiff - Cardiff Therapists

cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps a person understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviours. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders, including phobias, addiction, depression and anxiety.

CBT is generally short-term and focused on helping patients deal with a very specific problem. During the course of treatment, people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that have negative influences on behaviour.

CBT is also empirically supported and has been shown to effectively help patients overcome a wide variety of maladaptive behaviours. The therapy may focus on what is going on in the present rather than the past. However, CBT may also look at your past and how your past experiences impact on how you interpret the world now.

how effective is CBT?

Clinical trials have shown that CBT can reduce the symptoms of many emotional disorders. For some people it can work just as well as drug therapies at treating depression and anxiety disorders. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NIHCE) recommends CBT for common mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety.

is CBT for me?

CBT is more likely to be helpful to you if you can relate to its ideas around thought and behaviour patterns, its problem-solving approach and the need for homework. People tend to prefer CBT if they want a more practical treatment - where gaining insight isn't the main aim.

The underlying concept behind CBT is that our thoughts and feelings play a fundamental role in our behaviour. The goal of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is to teach a person that while they cannot control every aspect of the world around them, they can take control of how they interpret and deal with things in their environment. When people feel worried or distressed we often fall into patterns of thinking and responding which can worsen how we feel. CBT works to help us notice and change problematic thinking styles or behaviour patterns so we can feel better. CBT has lots of strategies that can help you in the here and now.

Andy Garland Therapies - Counselling Cardiff - Mental Health Services Cardiff - Cardiff Therapists

You and your therapist will discuss your specific difficulties and set goals for you to achieve. CBT is not a quick fix - it involves hard work during and between sessions e.g. keeping track of what you are thinking, feeling and doing, or trying out new ways of thinking or acting.

Your therapist will not make decisions for you. They will help you decide what difficulties you want to work on in order to help you improve your situation. Your therapist will be able to advise you on how to continue using CBT techniques in your daily life after your treatment ends.

CBT has a good evidence base for a wide range of mental health problems in adults, older adults, children and young people.

This research has been carefully reviewed by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), who provide independent, evidence-based guidance for the NHS on the most effective ways to treat disease and ill health.

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