Someone who has learning disabilities or learning difficulties may find it hard to learn things in the normal way, as the brain is not able to receive and process information in the same way as others. They may have trouble performing certain tasks or displaying certain skills. They may also struggle with social skills and interaction, potentially leaving them vulnerable in dangerous situations.
A learning disability is an impairment that exists from childhood or develops before birth. It does not develop in adulthood. The terms 'learning difficulties', 'learning disability' and 'developmental disability' are used interchangeably, although 'learning difficulties' is the most common and accepted.
A learning difficulty cannot be cured, but there is support available to help those with learning difficulties succeed in life. Learning difficulties are often confused with mental illness, but the two are entirely separate. The most common learning difficulties are attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia.