executive functioning disorder
Executive function is a set of mental skills that include working memory, flexible thinking, and self-control. We use these skills every day to learn, work, and manage daily life. Trouble with executive function can make it hard to focus, follow directions, and handle emotions, among other things.
Some people describe executive function as "the management system of the brain." That's because the skills involved let us set goals, plan, and get things done. When people struggle with executive function, it impacts them at home, in school, and in life. Executive functioning skills usually develop quickly in early childhood and into the teen years. But they keep developing into the mid-20s.
There is no medication to eliminate difficulty with executive functioning, though some evidence has been found that stimulant medications may be of benefit for some aspects of executive dysfunction. A therapist can help you to improve time management, better manage space and keep things from getting lost, and improve work habits. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help a patient to self-monitor thoughts and behavior, and social skills training can help to create appropriate responses in social situations.